For example, England and Wales, taken as a single nation, was the most modernized nation in Europe in the late nineteenth century, but its sustained decline in marital fertility only began around
This lesson covers one of the most exciting year spans in architecture, — Seismic changes occurred in the areas of: During these years many people moved from the country to the city.
This industrialization caused the creation of new building types. During the late eighteenth century, the Western world experienced two massive revolutions—the American Revolution and the French Revolution. Monarchies declined in power, and democratic governments were created.
Religious and aristocratic patronage gave way to more commissions by democratic governments and wealthy, self-made individuals. Advancements were made in building materials, transportation, and machinery.
THE POPULATION OF EUROPE: THE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION AND AFTER. Michael R. Haines. Every modern, high-income, developed society has undergone a shift from high to . Persian Charts: Regions of the World ; Persian Charts - ; Industrialization – Due to the industrialization of Western Europe and North America, Latin America were highly driven to industrialize. Two large innovations that contributed the industrialization of Latin America were the steamship and the underwater telegraph. Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Western Europe
Traditional materials such as brick and stone were replaced by ferrous metals iron and steel and glass. Architects and designers attempted to mitigate their training with the demands of modern life—evidenced not only—in architecture itself, but also in architectural texts, interior designing, excavations, and urban design, some of which will be covered in this lecture.
Advancements in these categories ultimately put the building profession irrevocably on the path towards twentieth-century modern architecture. The starting point of this lesson presupposes that students will be aware of trends in Baroque and Rococo architecture, but it makes sense to start with a review: Show your class a slide containing images of iconic works of Baroque and Rococo architecture.
Begin the review with some of these prompts: Describe the formal characteristics of Baroque and Rococo architecture. Who were the patrons? Describe the dominant ideologies and values of the cultures that produced these works.
To what sources did they look? You students may be surprised to learn that the flamboyant qualities of Baroque and Rococo architecture that they learned to recognize and appreciate in previous lectures came under fire in the mid-eighteenth century for their perceived abuses of freedom—combining Classical elements in unorthodox ways—and invention, such as the creation of new capitals.
Looking at these works from a second-half-of-the-eighteenth-century standpoint serves the dual purpose of acting as the segue from last lecture to this one and also setting the architectural stage for the current lecture.
The underlying geometry becomes lost among the aspects that mesmerize viewers: An oval room on the upper-level, this salon was used by a princess of the Rohan-Soubise dynasty for entertaining. The walls dematerialize, punctuated by windows, doors, and large mirrors.
Extensive amounts of gilt ornamentation cover the walls and frames openings. Themes to stress throughout the lecture include progress, building type, materials and technology.
|History of Europe - Revolution and the growth of industrial society, – | pfmlures.com||Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search.|
For an explanation of materials, see Harley J. This book provides an excellent overview of the tools used to prepare building materials and terminology. For American architectural history, I recommend a series of survey texts as well as sources that are more focused upon specific artists or structures.
Johns Hopkins University Press, —a wonderful text about colonial and early American architecture. The State Capitols of the U. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Sheehan, Museums in the German Art World: Cosmopolitanism and Reform in British Design.
Metropolitan Museum of Art by Praeger Publishers, Content Suggestions The layout of this lecture is designed to underscore the international and intercontinental spread of architectural ideas.
In most instances, I give two examples to illustrate a particular stylistic movement—one European and one American. Optional works are indented underneath to supplement certain topics. I have also included asides about materials and other topics, which can be useful.
In an hour and fifteen minutes, you should be able to cover the following works of architecture: Latrobe, Charles Bulfinch, and Thomas U. Though not a single unified movement, it was founded on the belief in progress and in the power of reason.
Recent achievements in science encouraged the notion that, through the acquisition of knowledge and the application of reason social, intellectual, and moral reforms could be affected.
The impact of the Enlightenment on the arts took various forms.europe's domination was only assured by the end of the period, IN , CHINA IS THE WORLD's BIGGEST MANUFACTURER. CHINA WILL REMAIN THE LARGEST MANUFACTURER UNTIL THE s AND WASN't SURPASSED BY THE US UNTIL THE s.
Roles Of Women In Western Europe In Pd. 3 AP World 2/8/15 In the period of - , the role of women in East Asia and Western Europe began to shift. Traditionally, women were kept domestic and were expected to keep quiet; away from the affairs of men.
europe's domination was only assured by the end of the period, IN , CHINA IS THE WORLD's BIGGEST MANUFACTURER. CHINA WILL REMAIN THE LARGEST MANUFACTURER UNTIL THE s AND WASN't SURPASSED BY .
European and American Architecture (–) – Seismic changes occurred in the areas of: Lifestyle: During these years many people moved from the country to the city. England reached a 50/50 balance around the s. for the “Greek Revival” across Europe as well as in .
unit iv: The era between and C.E. was one of clear European hegemony. In the previous era ( to C.E.), Europeans had tilted the balance of world power away from Asia, where powerful civilizations had existed since ancient times.
Women's Rights Movements Western Europe Latin America Qing China Susan B. Anthony Susan B. Anthony was perhaps the most well-known women's rights activist in history. Anthony was born on February 15, , to a Quaker family in the northwestern corner of Massachusetts.