This is not the time to push the panic button. In a roundabout way, it is extremely good news. A manuscript under editorial consideration indicates that the work has not been rejected out of hand, but is being given a second look.
Qualitative systematic reviews Qualitative systematic reviews are a type of literature review that employ detailed, rigorous and explicit methods and are, therefore, a more powerful evidence-based source to garner clinical information than narrative reviews, case reports, case series, and poorly conducted cohort studies.
A detailed bibliographic research based upon a focused question or purpose is the peculiar characteristic of a systematic review These reviews are called qualitative because the process by which the individual studies are integrated includes a summary and critique of the findings derived from systematic methods, but does not statistically combine the results of all of the studies reviewed.
Quantitative systematic reviews A quantitative systematic review or meta-analysis critically evaluates each paper and statistically combines the results of the studies While this process leads to a more powerful and generalizable conclusion, which is the strength of the meta-analysis, on the other hand it can pool together studies that are very heterogeneous which is the main drawback of a quantitative systematic review.
Nevertheless, well-executed quantitative systematic reviews constitute the highest level of evidence for medical decision making The Statement consists of a checklist of 27 essential items for transparent reporting and a flow diagram for the phases of study selection and is accompanied by the PRISMA Explanation and Elaboration Document, which, among other things, provides examples of good reporting for the various review sections A further guidance on the reporting of systematic reviews has been published by the Cochrane Collaboration, an international organisation that prepares, updates and publishes systematic reviews of the effects of health-care interventions following a standardised format Preparing to write a manuscript Background information The question or hypothesis formulated by the investigator is the common starting point to search the relevant published literature for an answer Gathering the background information through an extensive literature search relevant to the topic of interest is the subsequent essential step.
Peer reviewers are often experts and not citing important articles poses the manuscript at risk of rejection. In addition, avoid using papers published more than 10 years ago and do how to write a medical manuscript ppt rely on just the abstracts but obtain full-text articles.
Articles relevant to the research topic and published in the journal in which the paper is to be submitted should be reviewed and cited Last but not least, the bibliographical search should also aim at finding recently published articles similar to the one the author intends to submit.
In fact, a journal can be less interested in publishing such a manuscript unless the results reflect new or different findings. Target journal It can be worth thinking about this issue before starting to write as a proper choice of the journal can affect not only the writing style but also the ease of publication and the prompt dissemination of research.
Ideally, the target journal should be the one in which similar work has been published Electronic and open-access journals are the latest resources for publishing and data dissemination available on the scientific journal horizon.
It is also worth considering an appropriate level of impact factor or journal quality. The impact factor of a journal is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to recent articles published in science and social science journals. It is determined by the ratio of the number of citations of papers from that journal in the whole of the biomedical literature over a 2-year period.
It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field, with journals with higher impact factors deemed to be more important than those with lower ones. It is also extremely important to read the instructions to authors section of the selected journal carefully.
In fact, although there is a general style for most biomedical journals as agreed by the ICMJE in the Uniform Requirements 9individual journals may differ slightly in detail.
Authorship It is always best to sort out authorship before writing a manuscript as authorship order can be a source of problems once the paper has been written Several guidelines relating to authorship are available and this issue has been extensively addressed in a recently published review article by Elizabeth Wager Most guidelines on the authorship of scientific articles are focused more on creative and intellectual aspects of research than on routine or technical contributions.
Alhough not universally accepted, the authorship criteria suggested by the ICMJE are the ones most widely promoted by medical journals 9. According to these criteria, co-authors should: The authors are listed in decreasing order of their contribution and the senior author, or mentor, should be the last but this convention has never been codified It is advisable to provide accurate affiliations and contacts as they will be published on PubMed as well as in the journal but it is also important to agree on the corresponding author who should have full access to the study data and through the provided e-mail address will be the link with the scientific community for the future 1.
Ethical issues In addition to the authorship discussed above, there are several ethical issues involved in writing a paper. These include fabrication of data, duplicate publication, plagiarism, misuse of statistics, manipulation of images and inadequate or obviously false citations A must-read for all those who are involved in any editorial activity are the guidelines released by the Committee on Publication Ethics COPE which is a forum for editors and publishers of peer-reviewed journals to discuss all aspects of publication ethics COPE provides advice to editors and publishers on all aspects of publication ethics and, in particular, how to handle cases of research and publication misconduct.
Writing the manuscript Several models for the initial draft exist.
According to these authors, the writing should start with making figures and tables, and then proceed with summary statements the conclusions summarising the major contributions of the manuscript to the scientific communityidentification of the audience, materials and methods, results, discussion, references, introduction, title and conclusion.
A further and more general strategy to increase productivity during the early phases of manuscript writing is to ignore at the outset all the details that can be approached later such as structure, grammar and spelling.
The sequence of writing should address the following core sections of the paper in the order from first to last:Journal of the Formosan Medical Association (JFMA), published continuously since , is an open access international general medical journal of the Formosan Medical Association based in Taipei, pfmlures.com is indexed in Current Contents/ Clinical Medicine, Medline, ciSearch, CAB Abstracts, Embase, SIIC Data Bases, Research Alert, BIOSIS, Biological Abstracts, Scopus and ScienceDirect.
Highlights Highlights are mandatory for this journal for the revised original article. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system.
A Step by Step Guide to Writing a Scientific ManuscriptVolker Wenzel, M.D., pfmlures.com, Martin W. Dünser, M.D.*, Karl H. Lindner, pfmlures.comment of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck,Austria; (*current affiliation: Department of Intensive Care Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland) Abstract About 50% of .
Oct 31, · Preparing to write a manuscript Background information The question or hypothesis formulated by the investigator is the common starting point to search the relevant published literature for an answer • Reviews invited by E.
Michael Lewiecki are managed by the editorial office in New York: authors must select “F. Cosman” in the manuscript routing section of EditorialManager. Manuscript word counts exclude the title page, headings, acknowledgements, figures, tables, boxes, abstract, and references.
Abstract word counts do include the headings.