The model[ edit ] Based on human ecology theory done by Burgess and applied on Chicagoit was the first to give the explanation of distribution of social groups within urban areas. This concentric ring model depicts urban land usage in concentric rings: The zones identified are: The center with the central business district, The transition zone of mixed residential and commercial uses or the zone of transitionWorking class residential homes inner suburbsin later decades called inner city or zone of independent working men's home, Better quality middle-class homes outer suburbs or zone of better housing, Commuter zone.
This case study will explore how urbanization, suburbanization, counter urbanization and now reurbanisation processes have occurred in the Mumbai region and how those processes have been managed.
Mumbai is located on a peninsular on the Western coast of Maharashtra state in western India, bordering the Arabian Sea. Bombay is a thriving megacity that has had an economic boom in recent years. It is home to Bollywood and the film "Slumdog Millionaire" was based there.
Indeed, property in Mumbai is becoming some of the most expensive in the world.
However, many of the residents of Mumbai live in illegal squatter settlements known as bustees in India. Despite the poor conditions in the slum Prince Charles thinks that the people of Dharavi "may be poorer in material wealth but are richer socially".
Indeed, in terms of population size Mumbai is India's largest city, and is the financial capital of the country, being home to the Mumbai Stock Exchange. Up until the s, Mumbai owed its wealth to its historical colonial past, textile mills and the seaport, but the local economy has since been diversified and now Mumbai is home to most of India's specialised technical industries, having a modern industrial infrastructure and vast, skilled human resources.
Industries Geography cbd aerospace, optical engineering, medical research, computers and electronic equipment of all varieties, shipbuilding and salvaging, and renewable energy. Other formalized workers include many state and government workers.
Alongside this incredible wealth is a large unskilled and informal workforce, who work as self-employed and often unregulated workers. Many of these people earn their living as street hawkers, street sellers, taxi drivers, mechanics and other such occupations.
Bollywood and other Media Industries also employ huge numbers of people. Most of India's major television and satellite networks, as well as its major publishing houses, have headquarters here.
The centre of the Hindi movie industry, Bollywood, produces the largest number of films per year in the world. Urbanisation and its impacts Mumbai has urbanised over the past 60 years and urbanized rapidly from its origins as a fishing village. The site of the fishing village soon became a port region as the site favoured development.
Protected from the Arabian Sea by a peninsular art the southern end of Salsette Island, it had access to sea on two sides and the British colonial administration in India developed the sheltered inlet into a major port.
This made it the closest port of entry to subcontinent for travellers from Europe, through the Suez Canal. As with many major global ports area around the port became industrialised — processing goods for export and handling imports.
The city grew during British rule as variety of services grew up around the port and continued to grow after British left in Sincethe graph shows the inexorable rise in the population of Mumbai, from 8 million in to 21 million now.
The other significant factor to note is that slum dwellers make up an ever increasing proportion of the population, creating numerous problems for people and planners.
It should be noted that the original urbanisation phase of Mumbai focussed upon the southern tip of Salsette Island, and outside of this the city suburbanised in a Northern direction.
The causes of urbanisation are multiple, but involve a high level of natural increase within Mumbai itself and in-migration principally from the surrounding district of Maharashtra but also from neighbouring states.
Mumbai booming economy means that migrants come for job opportunities in the expanding industries, financial institutions and administration. Back to top Mumbai has grown in a Northern direction limited by physical Geography as shown in the image below.
It is limited in where it can grow with creek systems to the North and East, the Arabian Sea to the West and its harbour to the south East. Mangrove swamps further complicate the picture, and these marginal lands often form the location for the poorest people who live illegally in slums.
One such slum is Dharavi, in the heart of Mumbai.The geography of this prestigious nation can be described through five principal categories, the physical geography, the cultural geography, the citizens' standard of living, the government, and the nation's economy.
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Dharavi slum is located in Mumbai (formally Bombay) in India.
India’s and Mumbai's biggest slum is known as Dharavi. There are a million people crammed into one square mile in Dharavi.
A Child's Geography: Explore His Earth is a gentle, narration-style approach to geography. Written with a tone of amazement and wonder, students will embark on an exploration of the atmosphere, continents, oceans, climate, plate tectonics, earthquakes & volcanoes, latitude and longitude.
Fieldwork Quantitative methods Sampling. Questions focussing on spatial changes in land use might consider changes with distance from the centre of the CBD. This Math Resource Directory will link you to resources on the web for Math Directories, Math Tutorials, Calculators and Converters, Money and Financial Literacy, Formulas and Symbols, Data, Facts and Figures, History of Math and Math Tools.