Islamic attitudes towards science The various Quranic injunctions and Hadithwhich place values on education and emphasize the importance of acquiring knowledge, played a vital role in influencing the Muslims of this age in their search for knowledge and the development of the body of science. Greek contributions to Islamic worldIndian influence on Islamic scienceChristian influences in Islamand Chinese influences on Islamic pottery During this period, the Muslims showed a strong interest in assimilating the scientific knowledge of the civilizations that had been conquered. Many classic works of antiquity that might otherwise have been lost were translated from GreekPersianIndianChineseEgyptianand Phoenician civilizations into Arabic and Persian, and later in turn translated into Turkish, Hebrew, and Latin. For a long period of time the personal physicians of the Abbasid Caliphs were often Assyrian Christians.
Petrarch in the fourteenth century initially developed the concept of humanism whereby he aimed to renew interest in classical Greece and Rome.
Therefore, Florence was a peaceful republic during this unique period and combined with other factors it reinforced the ability of Florence to be so productive artistically and commercially.
Guicciardini and Machiavelli both argued in their histories about Florence that Lorenzo indirectly ruled Florence as a benevolent dictator and was corrupt.
In conclusion, the era under Lorenzo the Magnificent was a Golden Age, as it was remembered as a time of peace, prosperity and outstanding artistic achievement.
Hence, Florence during this period had moved away from the darkness of the Medieval Ages into the lightness of the Renaissance, which had created a more civilized society and became the basis of what we know western culture to represent.
Translated by Mario Domandi, New York: Harper and Row,1. Penguin Books, Culture and Society in Italy, Princeton: The Golden AgeNew York: History, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, trans.
Holmes and Hans van Marle, Princeton: Princeton University Press,; Peter E.
Bondanella, Francesco Guicciardini, Boston: Twayne Publishers, A Historical Biography, London: Hamish Hamilton,p Ferdinard Schevill, History of Florence: Scribner, Kent and Patricia Simons with J.
Heath and Company, Paul Elek, Volume II Complete Catalogue, The Florentine History, ; F. Clarendon Press,p v; A. An Historical Biography, p ; M. Essays in Honour of H.Fine Arts of Spain at the end of the Golden Age The Spanish society during the late s seemed to be a confused society as there were some developments that were so dominating.
First is the series of defeats in war against France that had given Spain it first taste of what it means to be a conquered nation, second is the decline of Castile. The History and Achievements of the Islamic Golden Age is your opportunity to get to know the story and the accomplishments of this great period in human civilization.
Taught by acclaimed lecturer Eamonn Gearon, these 24 remarkable lectures offer brilliant insights into an era too often overlooked by traditional history textbooks. Chapter 21 Absolute Monarchs in Europe. World History Patterns of Interaction. STUDY.
PLAY He is known for his realistic portraits of the royal family in Spain's Golden Age. Don Quixote. published in ; "birth of the modern European novel"; author Miguel de Cervantes, wrote about a poor Spanish nobleman who went a little crazy after.
The seventeenth century is in all respects the golden age of Spanish painting. His best-known still-life is that in the Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego, Toward the end of the century there was a diminution in the creative vigor that had continued to keep Spanish painting at such a high level, even while the nation's political reverses.
This process was used frequently throughout the time of fine art. The Raft of Medusa by Gericault, and Mount Sainte-Victoria broke traditional fine arts when they combined it with applied arts, which is the application of design to objects of everyday use (“Applied Arts, ).
Putting an end to the medieval age, the Renaissance blew the trumpet of modem age.
In the fifteenth century A.D. people of Europe developed interest for the literature, art, architecture, painting and culture of Greece and Rome.
Renaissance architecture spread to France and Spain. Sculpture: Fine Arts: During Renaissance, Fine Arts .