Male, Age 10 Autism, seizure disorder D. He could sing in complete sentences echolalic but communicated using one or two word phrases. He communicated mostly by pointing. When he did speak, his enunciation was poor except when he was angry at which time the word would be clear.
Sign In or Create a free account to receive alerts. People with ASD use a variety of communication modes including speech, facial expressions, conventional gestures e. Because a wide range of communication approaches is used—often in combination—clinical decisions about unaided and aided augmentative and alternative communication AAC techniques should be made on an individual basis using the principles of evidence-based practice i.
These guidelines and other ASHA policy documents are now Autism student case studies part of a continuing education program see sidebar below.
These policy documents can help clinicians navigate the case studies presented below and assist with their own decisions about assessment and intervention tools and strategies. The three case studies demonstrate various options in AAC intervention that can be used by children of different ages.
Excitement and Joy Through Pictures and Speech by Sylvia Diehl Anderson is a 3-year-old boy with ASD who was referred to a university speech and hearing center by a local school district. He attended a morning preschool at the university center for one year in addition to his school placement.
History Birth and Development Anderson was a full-term baby delivered with no complications. At age 3 he was described as low tone with awkward motor skills and inconsistent imitation skills.
His communication development was delayed; he began using vocalizations at 3 months of age but had developed no words by 3 years. Communication Profile at Baseline Anderson communicated through nonverbal means and used communication solely for behavioral regulation.
He knew about 10 approximate signs when asked to label, but these were not used in a communicative fashion. Protests were demonstrated most often through pushing hands. Anderson played functionally with toys when seated and used eye gaze appropriately during cause-and-effect play, but otherwise eye gaze was absent.
He often appeared to be non-engaged and responded inconsistently to his name. This norm-referenced instrument for children 6—24 months old is characterized by outstanding psychometric data i. Although Anderson was 36 months old, this tool was chosen because it provides salient information about social communication development for children from 6 months to 6 years old.
Because Anderson could not meet his needs through verbal communication, AAC was considered. He had been taught some signs but did not use them communicatively.
More importantly, his motor imitation skills were so poor that it was difficult to differentiate his signs. Additionally, a visual schedule was used at home and school to aid in transitions and to increase his symbolization.
Incidental teaching methods including choices and incomplete activities were embedded in home and preschool routines. In addition, a variety of joint activity routines e. These were infused throughout his day in various settings and with various people.
Picture representations of these play routines also were represented in his PECS book.
Outcomes By the end of the year, a video taken at preschool showed that Anderson was spontaneously using PECS for requests and protests. Contact her at diehl cas. Tait is generally healthy although he has recently been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and is sensitive to pain.
Tait participates in special education at a local elementary school.CASE STUDIES. Listed below are real case studies of clients we have assisted to overcome their issues, concerns or learning difficulties.
Click on the case study to see full details.
Additionally, student clubs host fundraisers to raise money for the Autism Science Foundation, in order to fund critical autism research. Role of Club in Community Student clubs work to raise awareness of autism spectrum disorders in the wider community where their school is located.
Case Study Mitchell: A Boy with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Mitch was six years old when his family contacted me. He had been diagnosed as having autism spectrum disorder two years earlier by a multi-discipline clinic at a university medical school. Case Studies for Autism Spectrum Disorder, &/or Pervasive Developmental Delay.
Please Note: Results will vary between trainees. Therefore individual results cannot be guaranteed. Please read the full Terms of Engagement. Maddy is a years-old girl who has been diagnosed with Autism.
Her mother expressed concerns about Maddy’s overall. Case Study of a Child with Autism John, An only child, was born after normal pregnancy and delivery. As an infant, he was easy to breast-feed, the transition to solid foods.
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Three Case Studies You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the literature. You can .