Several other candidates sought support in their home state or region as " favorite son " candidates without any realistic chance of winning the nomination. Symington, Stevenson, and Johnson all declined to campaign in the presidential primaries. While this reduced their potential delegate count going into the Democratic National Convention, each of these three candidates hoped that the other leading contenders would stumble in the primaries, thus causing the convention's delegates to choose him as a "compromise" candidate acceptable to all factions of the party. Kennedy was initially dogged by suggestions from some Democratic Party elders such as former President Harry S.
Kennedy-Nixon Debates, Scholarly Analysis of the Kennedy-Nixon Debates The scholarly analysis of the Kennedy-Nixon debates covers how scholars have debated the significance and ideas of the election year and how those ideas and perceptions have changed over time.
Background The four presidential debates with John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon were the first televised general-election presidential debates and brought new criteria to the presidential candidates campaigning.
However, the hope of attracting more potential voters and increasing education of the issues was overcome by the interest of politicians catering to public image and using media exposure to build credibility and create more personality.
The idea that these debates are a crucial point in political history and were the catalyst to the role in television and use of debates in the electoral process is still a debate that many scholars argue over. The Impact of Television One of the most discussed issues with the debates was the notion that people who listened to the radio were more likely to vote for Nixon while people who watched the debates on television were more likely to vote for Kennedy.
One of the explanations to this phenomena was presidential candidates physical appearances during the debates with Kennedy appearing better on television than Nixon. Both candidates not only used television for the debates, but they also aired commercials to attract more voters.
The Kennedy Campaign aired over commercials using footage from the debates, rallies and even Jackie Kennedy speaking Spanish to attract more hispanic voters.
Kennedy also used celebrity endorsements, such as Henry Fonda. He chose to film in a formal office setting with himself leaning on a desk to focus more on policy and keep things professional.
Contrary to popular thought, Nixon did know how to use media to his advantage for example, his "Checkers" telecast that won over the American people. Appearance Along with the role of television, the desire for a candidate to look as good as they speak became more relevant.
Nixon learned this the hard way during the first debate on September 26, Nixon showed up wearing little makeup and a light grey suit, which blended into the background. He was constantly wiping sweat off his face and according to the audience looked exhausted and pale.
After the devastating effects from the first debate, Nixon slowed down his campaigning and regained his healthy appearance. The Calculated Responses Each presidential candidate had a premeditated and self-conscious campaign during the elections with the aspect of Kennedy wanting to build momentum and Nixon wanting to step away from the "tricky Dick" persona.
Nixon wanted to focus on foreign policy and wished to step away from his reputation as sneaky, while Kennedy, only 43, was trying to combat the ideals he was too young or politically immature.
Kennedy would arrive into the studios to prep for the debate hours before to check out the conditions, lighting and even the temperature of the room. After some compromise the conditions were changed.
However, the rest of the debates were written off as ties with no declared winner. Being more concerned with appearance, both Nixon and Kennedy relatively had the same experience and stance on issues. Leading the debates to have some artificial personal attacks ; however, they were both too concerned with personable likeableness to get into "gutter politics.
They learned exactly why Nixon looked exhausted and how much effort was exerted into the campaign on both ends. The Kennedy-Nixon debates were only aired once at a time when DVR was not even in concept yet, so this brings into question the validity of the impact of the debates on the viewers.
Regardless, the question of the infamous impact of these specific debates will continue to be a widely discussed topic among scholars.On the morning of September 26, , John F. Kennedy was a relatively unknown senator from Massachusetts. He was young and Catholic — neither of which helped his image — and facing off against an incumbent.
Debates. There were four presidential debates and no vice presidential debates during the general election. Courtesy of ABC News© GO TO: September 26, October 7, October 13, October 21, General Election Presidential Debate.
John F. Kennedy (D), United States Senator (MA) and. Richard M. Nixon (R), Vice. The Real Making of the President: Kennedy, Nixon, and the Election (American Presidential Elections) [W.
J. Rorabaugh] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. When John Kennedy won the presidency in , he also won the right to put his own spin on the victory—whether as an underdog's heroic triumph or a liberal crusader's overcoming special interests.
The Election of An Analysis POLI. December 16, Nixon and John F. Kennedy (JFK) was the youngest ever, ages 47 and 43 respectively. Also, this was the first time a Roman Catholic (JFK) was to seek the presidency, and this was also the first time The election of was one of the closest and most dramatic elections in.
Series Description: This series consists of statistical and narrative information regarding most aspects of election campaigns.
Surveys of political attitudes, races for Congress, and Gubernatorial positions; studies of the Democratic primaries and campaign issues; and . Democratic and Republican presidential candidates Jack Kennedy, left, and Dick Nixon stand underneath glaring lights prior to beginning their 1st TV debate.
On November 12, , four days after winning the election by a narrow margin, he said, "It was the TV more than anything else that turned the tide." "The Nixon-Kennedy debates made.