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A wide range of technologies are employed in support of the justice system, including telephony, database management software, computers, automobiles, and weapons.
The adoption and implementation of technology also directly shapes the policies and practices of the justice system. For example, the development of modern communications and transportation technologies in the early s increased the response capability of police and changed citizen calls for service.
Computers and cellular technologies have increased the capacity of data processing, information sharing, and communications within and across agencies. The increasing societal dependence on the Internet and computer-mediated communications have led law enforcement to develop tools to investigate offenses online.
Thus, technology plays a pivotal role in the justice system, though a majority of researchers focus on the implementation and effect of technologies in law enforcement agencies. General Treatments There are a number of general texts on the role and use of technology in the criminal justice system.
Due to the rapid and significant changes in technology over the past two decades, it is difficult to find particularly current works on the topic.
In addition, given the depth and variety of technologies used throughout the system, their depth of content is variable.
Both Byrne and Marx and Foster provide an introductory overview to the range of technologies used across law enforcement agencies with particular emphasis on communications technology. Feigenson and Spiesel gives an interesting and up-to-date exploration of the application of technology in courtrooms and its prospective impact on the judicial process generally.
Moriarty and Pattavina provide explorations on a range of technologies used by police, courts, and corrections. Feigenson, Neal, and Christina Spiesel.
The digital transformation of legal persuasion and judgment. In particular, they consider how the implementation of visual media influences the presentation of evidence and the value of virtual courts and telecommunications to engender the legal process using actual trials as case examples.
Upper Saddle River, NJ: This text would be appropriate for law enforcement courses at all levels. Criminal justice technology in the 21st century. This work addresses the technologies used not only by law enforcement but correctional facilities and criminal justice educators as well.
There is also some exploration of technologies to facilitate both real-world and digital forensic investigation. Information technology and the criminal justice system.
The significant research focus of this text makes it appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate student audiences. Schwabe, William, Lois M. Davis, and Brian A. Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology: Federal support of state and local law enforcement.Dec 01, · The Economist offers authoritative insight and opinion on international news, politics, business, finance, science, technology and the connections between them.
. eWEEK delivers breaking tech news, the latest IT trends, and in-depth analysis daily.
For more than 30 years, eWEEK has kept tech professionals ahead of the IT curve. We live in a technology-driven world and computers are used in every facet of life, especially in the workplace.
A computer science degree may open doors for many career options. Moore's Law is the observation that the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approximately every two years. This aspect of technological progress is important as the capabilities of many digital electronic devices are strongly linked to Moore's Law.
Since , the MIT Technology Review has released their list of the 10 most important technological innovations that emerged each year. The editors selected each item based on its potential to. Computer and Internet use, especially in developing countries, has expanded rapidly in recent years.
Even in light of this expansion in technology adoption rates, penetration rates differ markedly between developed and developing countries and across developing countries.
To identify the.